Focus on Title IX

“No person in the United States shall, based on sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”— Cornell Law School’s Legal Information Institute (20 U.S. Code § 1681 – Sex)

Historical Background, Foundations and Hearings

VFA has long been a supporter of equal education rights for women and girls. Many of our members and honorees have been active in building the foundations of Title IX and its subsequent developments. Here are some of their stories. Click on a name or photo below to learn their stories.

Click here to see our complete collection of Second Wave Feminists.

Suzanne Benton Heather BoothHeather Booth Nancy Campbell Jacqui CeballosJacqui Ceballos
Alice Cohan Cardiss Collins Shelley Fernandez Betty Friedan
Marcia Greenberger Ann Juliano Jawin Patricia King Holly Knox
Margy Kohn Priscilla Leith Judith Lonnquist Donna Lopiano
Rebecca Lubetkin Joanne McQueen Patsy Takemoto Mink Pauli Murray
Eleanor PamEleanor Pam Joannie Parker Hedy Ratner David Sadker
Myra Sadker Dr.Bernice Sandler Jacquelin Washington Judith Weis
Linda J. Wharton Judith Winston